1919 - 2008 (89 years)
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||Clive Lane Crauford |
|WWII / Lieutenant (temporary Captain) (acting Major): 2nd Btn The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) |
||21 Dec 1944
||Touffreville, Caen, France 
|Military Cross |
||Extended Craxford Family | The Craxfords of London - including Crauford - not yet attached to the main trunk
||5 May 2012 |
||William Harold Craxford, b. 9 Nov 1884, Shoreditch, London , d. 23 Sep 1954, Southwark, London (Age 69 years) |
||Phyllis Maud Prince, b. Abt Aug 1893, Muswell Hill, London , d. Jan 1996, Haringey, London (Age ~ 102 years) |
||6 Nov 1915
||Christ Church, Woburn Square, Bloomsbury, London 
||6 Nov 1915
|F.H.Prince (her father); L.G.Crauford (his brother) |
||MC: Craxford, William Harold Lane (1915) to Phyllis Maud Prince |
The Crauford spelling of the name in this branch of the family persists
There was no gallantry award, lesser than the VC and DSO, for junior officers and warrent officers until shortly after the outbreak of the First World War when the MC was instituted. Originally awarded to captains, lieutentants and warrent officers of the Army (including the RFC), it was subsequently extended to include equivalent ranks of the RAF when performing acts of bravery on the ground and there was even provision for the Royal Naval Division and the Royal Marines during the First World War. Awards were extended to majors by an amending warrent of 1931. As a result of the 1993 Review of gallantry awards and resultant changes to the operational gallantry award system, this award is now available to both officers and other ranks, the Military Medal having been discontinued.
Text and photograph: Courtesy of Sarah Jane Medals (website now retired)
||Citation for Military Cross|
The citation reads: "During the attack on TOUFFREVILLE on 18 Jul this officer commanded his company during the absence of his company commander. When the leading company was held up by intense MG fire from a position on the right flank, this officer led his company in a flank attack on a heavily defended and dug-in enemy position. With complete disregard for his own personal safety, and encouraging his men by his actions, he personally led his company in to close quarters with the enemy enabling them to be bayoneted and grenaded from their positions. As a result of this action 20 enemy were killed and 60 taken prisoner.
The whole success of the final operation depended on the speed with which this action was carried out and this was done mainly as a result of his gallant leadership.
His company was then ordered to attack TOUFFREVILLE from a flank and once again under heavy MG fire and Mortar fire he led his company personally in the final assault. Again his example was of such a high standard that despite heavy losses the objective was taken, On reaching the village he immediately reorganised his company and cleared it of the enemy by leading his men personally against many hidded snipers.
His example and complete disregard for personal safety was outstanding."
SIGNED: B.L. Montgomery
Field Marshall, Commander in Chief, 21 Army Group
National Archives - WO 373/49
- [S4] England and Wales, Civil Registration Index: 1837-1983, Edmonton 3a 577 (JFM 1919) (Reliability: 3).
- [S304] The London Gazette, Supplement page 5856 December 21st 1944 (Reliability: 4).
- [S303] The National Archives, Item details WO 373/49/683 (Reliability: 3).
- [S4] England and Wales, Civil Registration Index: 1837-1983, St Giles 1c 1691 (OND 1915) (Reliability: 3).
- [S4] England and Wales, Civil Registration Index: 1837-1983, Holderness 9d 369 (AMJ 1941) (Reliability: 3).
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