Clive Lane Crauford
|Military Service||1944||France | WWII / Lieutenant (temporary Captain) (acting Major): 2nd Btn The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) |
|Military Award||21 Dec 1944||Touffreville, Caen, France | Military Cross |
|Person ID||I919||Extended Craxford Family | The Craxfords of London - including Crauford - not yet attached to the main trunk|
|Last Modified||5 May 2012|
|Father||William Harold Craxford, b. 9 Nov 1884, Shoreditch, London , d. 23 Sep 1954, Southwark, London|
|Mother||Phyllis Maud Prince, b. Abt Aug 1893, Muswell Hill, London , d. Jan 1996, Haringey, London|
|Married||6 Nov 1915||Christ Church, Woburn Square, Bloomsbury, London|
|Witnesses||6 Nov 1915||F.H.Prince (her father); L.G.Crauford (his brother)|
|BMD Certificates||MC: Craxford, William Harold Lane (1915) to Phyllis Maud Prince |
The Crauford spelling of the name in this branch of the family persists
|Family ID||F243||Group Sheet|
|Family||Margaret Till, b. 1921, Hull, East Yorkshire , d. Yes, date unknown|
|Married||1 Apr 1941||Holderness, East Yorkshire |
|Newspaper Cuttings||Clive Lane Crauford married Margaret Till|
Newspaper cutting from the Hull Daily Mail, Wednesday April 2nd 1941
|Last Modified||5 May 2012|
|Family ID||F480||Group Sheet|
|Pin Legend||: Address : Location/Street : District/Village : City/Town : County/State : Country : Not Set|
There was no gallantry award, lesser than the VC and DSO, for junior officers and warrent officers until shortly after the outbreak of the First World War when the MC was instituted. Originally awarded to captains, lieutentants and warrent officers of the Army (including the RFC), it was subsequently extended to include equivalent ranks of the RAF when performing acts of bravery on the ground and there was even provision for the Royal Naval Division and the Royal Marines during the First World War. Awards were extended to majors by an amending warrent of 1931. As a result of the 1993 Review of gallantry awards and resultant changes to the operational gallantry award system, this award is now available to both officers and other ranks, the Military Medal having been discontinued.
Courtesy of Sarah Jane Medals
|Citation for Military Cross|
The citation reads: "During the attack on TOUFFREVILLE on 18 Jul this officer commanded his company during the absence of his company commander. When the leading company was held up by intense MG fire from a position on the right flank, this officer led his company in a flank attack on a heavily defended and dug-in enemy position. With complete disregard for his own personal safety, and encouraging his men by his actions, he personally led his company in to close quarters with the enemy enabling them to be bayoneted and grenaded from their positions. As a result of this action 20 enemy were killed and 60 taken prisoner.
The whole success of the final operation depended on the speed with which this action was carried out and this was done mainly as a result of his gallant leadership.
His company was then ordered to attack TOUFFREVILLE from a flank and once again under heavy MG fire and Mortar fire he led his company personally in the final assault. Again his example was of such a high standard that despite heavy losses the objective was taken, On reaching the village he immediately reorganised his company and cleared it of the enemy by leading his men personally against many hidded snipers.
His example and complete disregard for personal safety was outstanding."
SIGNED: B.L. Montgomery
Field Marshall, Commander in Chief, 21 Army Group
National Archives - WO 373/49